Women’s health care and diagnostics cover a vast array of topics specific to today’s woman. This includes infertility, pregnancy, sexual health, menopause and more. Infertility becomes increasingly common for women as they grow into their late 30s. By age 35, the number of viable eggs a woman has begins to rapidly decrease. Women in this age group are also more likely to have a child born with Down syndrome.
Other female-specific causes of infertility include issues with ovulation, uterine fibroids and blocked fallopian tubes. When a woman does achieve pregnancy, this time period lasts an average of 39 to 40 weeks. Common early side effects of pregnancy include nausea and fatigue.
Other women’s health concerns are related to sexual activity. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, HPV (human papillomavirus) represents a serious health risk for women. It is one of the most prevalent sexually transmitted infections. In fact, there are over 40 different types of HPV that can affect the genital area. What’s more is that almost all cases of cervical cancer are caused by the virus. HPV can also lead to genital warts. Other STDs can put women at risk, as well. If left untreated, chlamydia can seriously damage a woman’s reproductive organs. Gonorrhea can also impact female fertility.
Another common women’s health issue involves sexual dysfunction. This may take the form of low sex drive, sexual arousal disorder or orgasmic disorder. These issues may coexist with menopause, which occurs naturally with age and signals the end of a woman’s fertility. On average, this stage of life occurs for most women around age 51. Menopause is associated with the ending of menstrual periods, hot flashes, night sweats, vaginal dryness and a decrease in sex drive. Some women seek hormone replacement therapy to improve these symptoms.
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