Urologists specialize in the male reproductive system, as well as the urinary tracts of both men and women. Urinary issues are gender specific.
Urology Disorders - Men
For men, a common problem is something known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). According to the Department of Urology at UCLA, it is a benign enlargement of the prostate that occurs in roughly half of all men over the age of 50. BPH puts pressure on the urethra, which causes difficulty urinating. This often includes straining and pushing during urination. Another common urinary issue among men includes male infertility, which accounts for about 50 percent of fertility problems. Low testosterone and erectile dysfunction (ED) are also common problems for men. ED makes it difficult for a man to get and/or keep an erection. It can occur at any age but is more common in older men. The condition can be caused by stress, anxiety or an underlying physical condition.
Urology Disorders - Women
Urinary problems among women are different. A commonly reported one is incontinence, which refers to loss of bladder control. This affects millions of women. For many, it can be brought on by coughing, sneezing or laughing. According to the National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse, loss of bladder control is caused by bodily changes that often occur after pregnancy, childbirth or menopause. Other forms of urinary incontinence can include overactive bladder and unexplained urine loss. Urinary tract infections represent another common problem for women.
According to Stony Brook School of Medicine, voiding dysfunction is a condition that causes frequent and/or painful urination and incomplete emptying of the bladder. Another prevalent urinary problem among women is something called interstitial cystitis, which is thought to be caused by irregular bladder lining. It is associated with frequent and urgent urination, nighttime urination, abdominal pain and pain of the perineum. Most women who suffer from interstitial cystitis are diagnosed in their mid-40s.
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