Neurological disorders are conditions that impact the brain, spine and their connective nerves. According to the University of California San Francisco (UCSF) Medical Center, over 600 types of nervous system disorders exist.
Most common neurological disorders
- Alzheimer’s disease, autism, epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease and migraines are among the most commonly known ones. Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive neurological disorder that gradually diminishes memory and reasoning skills. It can also affect behavior. In most cases, symptoms typically begin appearing after the age of 60. Approximately five million Americans suffer from Alzheimer’s.
- Autism is a developmental disorder characterized by impaired speech and language skills. Social skills are usually impacted as well. The autism spectrum is wide, and no two cases really look alike.
- Epilepsy is a brain disorder known for unprovoked seizures. This can result in convulsions and blacking out. Even so, some seizures are mild and more difficult to detect. If someone experiences two unprovoked seizures, they may be diagnosed with epilepsy.
- Parkinson’s disease is a degenerative condition that only worsens over time. Typical symptoms include shaking and tremors that occur as a result of disrupted neurons in the brain. Parkinson’s is a lifelong condition that affects approximately 13 out of every 100,000 Americans.
- Migraines are another common neurological disorder. They are intense headaches that may be accompanied by light and/or sound sensitivity, disrupted vision and nausea. Many treatments aim to prevent migraines before they come on.
- Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) represent another type of neurological disorder. This refers to an accident that results in brain damage. This damage can be mild, moderate or severe. Concussions and other mild forms of TBIs account for about 75 percent of cases.
- Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is another disease rooted in neurology. It is associated with an itchy, crawling sensation in the legs and affects 5 to 10 percent of adults in the United States.
Treating a neurological disorder is determined by each individual type and severity.