Sleep Disorders

Medical conditions that disrupt normal sleeping patterns are considered sleep disorders. They can lead to daytime fatigue and drowsiness, as well as other serious health issues.

Insomnia

Perhaps the most well-known sleep disorder is insomnia, which is characterized as being either acute or chronic. Both types are associated with difficulty falling asleep, staying asleep or both. Acute (short-term) insomnia is usually caused by stress. Chronic (long-term) insomnia is sometimes brought on by an underlying medical condition. For others, it is its own primary disorder. In addition to causing daytime drowsiness, chronic insomnia may also lead to anxiety, difficulty focusing and memory impairments.

Types of Sleeping Disorders

Making lifestyle changes, like sleeping without the TV on or avoiding caffeine, can improve symptoms in some cases. Others may seek medications or therapy. Types of sleeping disorders include: Sleep apnea, which is especially common in overweight individuals, can lead to heart disease, diabetes and more. This condition causes momentary pauses in breathing and/or shallow breathing while sleeping. This impacts sleep quality and usually results in snoring. Restless legs syndrome is both a sleep disorder and neurological condition that causes a creeping, pulling sensation in the legs. This is accompanied by a strong urge to move the legs for relief. It affects roughly 5 to 10 percent of the adult population in the United States. For unclear reasons, restless legs syndrome often flares up at night. This can make it very difficult to fall asleep. Narcolepsy is another common sleeping disorder, which is associated with sudden bursts of sleep that can last anywhere from a few seconds to several minutes. People with narcolepsy suddenly and unwillingly fall asleep. This can occur even during activities like talking or eating. According to the American Sleep Association, approximately 125,000 to 200,000 people in the U.S. have narcolepsy. The condition is associated with poor sleep, obesity and hallucinations.

Latest Sleep Disorders News

October 16, 2015
Sleeping

Do we sleep more than our ancestors did?

October 16, 2015
September 25, 2015
Insomnia

Treating sleep apnea may improve depression

September 25, 2015
September 18, 2015
Coffee

Evening cup of coffee turns back body clock

September 18, 2015
September 3, 2015
Common cold

Want to avoid the common cold? Get more sleep

September 3, 2015
August 26, 2015
Nature

Access to nature may improve sleep

August 26, 2015
March 25, 2015
Sexy couple

More sleep equals more sex, at least for women

March 25, 2015